Can futures price be lower than spot? (2024)

Can futures price be lower than spot?

The opposite of a contango market is known as “backwardation.” In backwardation, the futures price is lower than the expected spot price

spot price
In finance, a spot contract, spot transaction, or simply spot, is a contract of buying or selling a commodity, security or currency for immediate settlement (payment and delivery) on the spot date, which is normally two business days after the trade date. › wiki › Spot_contract
of the underlying asset at the contract's expiration. That means the futures contract trades at a discount to the spot price.

Can futures price be less than spot price?

This situation is called backwardation. For example, when futures contracts have lower prices than the spot price, traders will sell short the asset at its spot price and buy the futures contracts for a profit. This drives the expected spot price lower over time until it eventually converges with the futures price.

Why are futures prices higher than spot prices?

It indicates that demand is higher than supply in the short term, causing futures prices to rise. Futures prices rise above spot prices because investors become comfortable paying more for the future assets. However, commodity and volatility funds are structured to buy short-term futures.

Is it possible for futures prices to become negative?

In addition, there have been occasions when the futures markets have posted negative prices for the spreads between different grades of oil, natural gas and other energy products. These instances of negative pricing were very temporary, and the markets quickly corrected.

How commodity futures pricing must be related to spot prices?

In practice, however, changes in spot prices and changes in futures prices will often be highly correlated. Both spot prices and futures prices are affected by general shifts in the cost of producing the commodity, and by general shifts in the demand for the com- modity.

Why are futures lower than spot?

The main difference between spot prices and futures prices is that spot prices are for immediate buying and selling, while futures contracts delay payment and delivery to predetermined future dates. The spot price is usually below the futures price. The situation is known as contango.

How can traders take advantage of backwardation?

The easiest way to take advantage of a backwardation market state is to simply buy the underlying asset. This is because, in a backwardation market, the spot price is usually lower than the future price. So, by buying the asset now, you can sell it in the future at a higher price and pocket the difference.

Why the futures price may be lower than the spot price of the underlying asset?

Under some conditions, however, the opposite situation might occur, and the futures price could be lower than the spot price. This could be due to a temporary scarcity of the commodity on the spot market, for example, due to a restricted current supply, making the price of the commodity unusually high.

Do futures prices predict spot prices?

How Do Futures Prices Affect Spot Prices? It's actually more the other way round: Spot prices influence futures prices. A futures contract price is commonly determined using the spot price of a commodity—as the starting point, at least.

When futures are higher than spot?

Contango and backwardation are terms used to define the structure of the forward curve. When a market is in contango, the forward price of a futures contract is higher than the spot price. Conversely, when a market is in backwardation, the forward price of the futures contract is lower than the spot price.

How accurate are futures?

Buyers may want to hold off when index futures predict a lower opening, too. Nothing is guaranteed, however. Index futures do predict the opening market direction most of the time, but even the best soothsayers are sometimes wrong.

Can the futures market be manipulated?

Several types of manipulation can be found in futures markets. These could be carried out in a number of combinations, or independently. “Cornering the market” is perhaps the most popular form of futures manipulation.

What is the fair value of futures price?

Fair value is the theoretical assumption of where a futures contract should be priced given such things as the current index level, index dividends, days to expiration and interest rates.

Who determines futures prices?

A futures price is determined by the cost of its underlying asset and moves in sync with it. The cost of futures will rise if the cost of its underlying increases and will fall as it falls. But it is not always equal to the value of its underlying asset.

What basis is the difference between the futures price and the spot price?

The difference between the futures price and spot price of a currency pair is referred to as the basis. Basis can be either positive or negative. It will depend on the current relationship between the short-term interest rates of the base and terms currencies being considered.

What is the spot futures parity theorem?

Spot–future parity (or spot-futures parity) is a parity condition whereby, if an asset can be purchased today and held until the exercise of a futures contract, the value of the future should equal the current spot price adjusted for the cost of money, dividends, "convenience yield" and any carrying costs (such as ...

How do futures prices work?

In short, the price of a futures contract (FP) will be equal to the spot price (SP) plus the net cost incurred in carrying the asset till the maturity date of the futures contract. Here Carry Cost refers to the cost of holding the asset till the futures contract matures.

What is normal backwardation in futures trading?

Normal backwardation is when the futures price is below the expected future spot price. A normal backwardation market is often confused with an inverted futures curve. A futures market is normal if futures prices are higher at longer maturities and inverted if futures prices are lower at distant maturities.

What happens when a commodity futures market is in backwardation?

A market is in backwardation when the spot price is higher than the upcoming futures prices, creating a downward sloping curve of the commodity futures price over time. Investors and companies are agreeing to pay less for a commodity in the future than they are today, a sign that the price might fall over time.

Is contango bullish or bearish?

Contango refers to a situation where the futures price of an underlying commodity is higher than its current spot price. Contango is considered a bullish sign because the market expects that the price of the underlying commodity will rise in the future and as such, participants are willing to pay a premium for it now.

What is more common contango or backwardation?

Backwardation is the market condition in which the price of a futures contract is currently trading lower than the spot price of the underlying. It is the opposite to contango and much less common because backwardation tends to affect markets with seasonal changes in supply and demand.

What is the relationship between futures and spot prices?

If the net marginal convenience yield is positive and large, the spot price will exceed the futures price (futures market exhibits strong backwardation); however, if the net marginal convenience yield is negative, the spot price will be less than the futures price (the futures market is in contango).

Is spot safer than futures?

Simple to use: Spot trading is relatively straightforward, especially for those new to trading. Less risky: It's less risky than margin and futures trading, which means your losses are limited to the capital you put in.

What is futures price convergence to spot price?

Convergence is the movement in the price of a futures contract toward the spot or cash price of the underlying commodity over time. The price of the futures contract and the spot price will be roughly equal on the delivery date.

What is the 80% rule in futures trading?

The Rule. If, after trading outside the Value Area, we then trade back into the Value Area (VA) and the market closes inside the VA in one of the 30 minute brackets then there is an 80% chance that the market will trade back to the other side of the VA.

You might also like
Popular posts
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Van Hayes

Last Updated: 15/05/2024

Views: 5986

Rating: 4.6 / 5 (46 voted)

Reviews: 93% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Van Hayes

Birthday: 1994-06-07

Address: 2004 Kling Rapid, New Destiny, MT 64658-2367

Phone: +512425013758

Job: National Farming Director

Hobby: Reading, Polo, Genealogy, amateur radio, Scouting, Stand-up comedy, Cryptography

Introduction: My name is Van Hayes, I am a thankful, friendly, smiling, calm, powerful, fine, enthusiastic person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.